Renal Implications of Resistant Hypertension
Med-IQ Express Med-IQ Express

Renal Implications of Resistant Hypertension


This activity was developed by Med-IQ in collaboration with Duke Health.

Med-IQ      Duke Medicine
 

Released:
2/28/19
Expires:
2/27/20

Maximum Credits:

0.25
By clicking "Continue," you are confirming that you have reviewed the CME information and read, understood, and unconditionally agreed to the Privacy Notice and Terms of Use.

Med-IQ Express Med-IQ Express
By clicking "Continue," you are confirming that you have reviewed the CME information and read, understood, and unconditionally agreed to the Privacy Notice and Terms of Use.
Released:
2/28/19

Expires:
2/27/20

Maximum Credits:
0.25
Med-IQ Express Med-IQ Express
By clicking "Continue," you are confirming that you have reviewed the CME information and read, understood, and unconditionally agreed to the Privacy Notice and Terms of Use.

Released:
2/28/19
Expires:
2/27/20


Maximum Credits:
0.25


Overview: This brief activity discusses the definition of resistant hypertension (RH) as well as ways to evaluate and assess the condition. In addition, faculty provide insights on current management strategies for patients with both RH and chronic kidney disease.

CME Information:

Faculty
Crystal Tyson, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Clinical Research in Hypertension
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, NC
 
Activity Planners
Julie Blum, PhD
Director of Clinical Content
Med-IQ
Baltimore, MD

Rebecca L. Julian, MS, ELS
Senior Manager, Editorial
Med-IQ
Baltimore, MD
  
Lisa R. Rinehart, MS, ELS
Director, Editorial Services
Med-IQ
Baltimore, MD
 
Samantha Gordon
CME Specialist
Med-IQ
Baltimore, MD
 
Kathryn Schaefer, MSN, RN, CPHRM
Senior Manager, Accreditation and Compliance
Med-IQ
East Lansing, MI
 
Writer
Jennifer Gregg, PhD
Cranberry Township, PA
 
Learning Objectives
Upon completion, participants should be able to:

  • Understand the risks and benefits of available treatments for resistant hypertension in patients with CKD

Target Audience
This activity is intended for community nephrologists.
 
Statement of Need
Hypertension remains the single most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, disability, and death. Adults who have persistently elevated BP despite the use of 3 antihypertensive medications of different classes are considered to have resistant hypertension (RH). RH is a particularly important clinical comorbidity in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Individuals with CKD commonly have hypertension and an associated increased risk of CVD, and those with RH have an elevated risk of developing end-stage renal disease and other CVD events. Given the clinical implications of CKD in RH, it is important to review key aspects of RH management in this patient population. Thus, in this publication, we review the evaluation and assessment of RH in those with CKD as well as pharmacologic-, lifestyle-, and device-based strategies to address the condition and improve patient outcomes.

Collaboration Statement
This activity was developed by Med-IQ in collaboration with Duke Health.
 
Accreditation/Designation Statements
Med-IQ is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
 
Med-IQ designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
 
Medium/Method of Participation
This CME activity consists of a 0.25-credit online publication. To receive credit, read the introductory CME material, read the publication, and complete the evaluation, attestation, and post-test, answering at least 70% of the post-test questions correctly.
 
Initial Release Date: February 28, 2019
Expiration Date: February 27, 2020
Estimated Time to Complete This Activity: 15 minutes

Disclosure Policy
Med-IQ requires any person in a position to control the content of an educational activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The ACCME defines “relevant financial relationships” as those in any amount occurring within the past 12 months, including those of a spouse/life partner, that could create a conflict of interest (COI). Individuals who refuse to disclose will not be permitted to contribute to this CME activity in any way. Med-IQ has policies in place that will identify and resolve COIs prior to this educational activity. Med-IQ also requires faculty to disclose discussions of investigational products or unlabeled/unapproved uses of drugs or devices regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Disclosure Statement
The content of this activity has been peer reviewed and has been approved for compliance. The faculty and contributors have indicated the following financial relationships, which have been resolved through an established COI resolution process, and have stated that these reported relationships will not have any impact on their ability to give an unbiased presentation. 
 
Crystal Tyson, MD, has indicated no real or apparent conflicts.
 
The writer, peer reviewers, and activity planners have no financial relationships to disclose.
 
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Educational activities that assist physicians in carrying out their professional responsibilities more effectively and efficiently are consistent with the ACCME definition of continuing medical education (CME). As an ACCME-accredited provider of CME, it is the policy of Med-IQ to review and ensure that all the content and any recommendations, treatments, and manners of practicing medicine in CME activities are scientifically based, valid, and relevant to the practice of medicine. Med-IQ is responsible for validating the content of the CME activities it provides. Specifically, (1) all recommendations addressing the medical care of patients must be based on evidence that is scientifically sound and recognized as such within the profession; (2) all scientific research referred to, reported, or used in CME in support or justification of a patient care recommendation must conform to generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis.
 
Med-IQ is not liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this activity.
 
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The information provided through this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.

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